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Quartz定时邮件发送多个备份文件 - 黑壳网

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本文来源Quartz定时邮件发送备份文件 - 黑壳网http://www.bhusk.com/articles/2017/07/27/1501146724360.html

壳叔搞笑一刻

熊孩子也有自己的梦想

正文

之前由于黑壳网的博客数据库,一直没有做定期备份的处理,虽然现在不一定会出问题,但起码数据备份意识上还是要有的。

之前有考虑过用七牛云等第三方服务,但是最后由于种种原因,暂时不考虑用第三方服务。
所以自己手写了一个定时备份程序,简单的思路↓

到达指定时间,将数据库备份文件发送利用邮箱,发送至指定邮箱,达到定期备份的目的。

特别提示:如果文件对安全性要求很高的话,不推荐

程序采用Java语言和maven强大的依赖体系+流行的spring,为什么要用Java,只是写着好玩不要太较真了。

项目代码

pom.xml文件
Quartz的包是整个项目不可缺少的

 <properties>
        <!-- Spring的版本 -->
        <springframework.version>4.0.6.RELEASE</springframework.version>
        <!-- Quartz的版本 -->
        <quartz.version>2.2.1</quartz.version>
    </properties>

    <dependencies>
        <dependency>
            <groupId>junit</groupId>
            <artifactId>junit</artifactId>
            <version>3.8.1</version>
            <scope>test</scope>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.servlet</groupId>
            <artifactId>javax.servlet-api</artifactId>
            <version>3.0.1</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- https://mvnrepository.com/artifact/javax.mail/mail -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>javax.mail</groupId>
            <artifactId>mail</artifactId>
            <version>1.4</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.quartz-scheduler</groupId>
            <artifactId>quartz</artifactId>
            <version>${quartz.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <!-- spring -->
        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-context-support</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-tx</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-web</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>

        <dependency>
            <groupId>org.springframework</groupId>
            <artifactId>spring-webmvc</artifactId>
            <version>${springframework.version}</version>
        </dependency>
    </dependencies>

MyJob.java 继承QuartzJobBean 然后Override
有钻研精神的可以一点一点扒代码看 QuartzJobBean 。

import org.quartz.JobExecutionContext;
import org.quartz.JobExecutionException;
import org.slf4j.Logger;
import org.slf4j.LoggerFactory;
import org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.QuartzJobBean;

import java.util.Date;

/**
 * kzyuan Job 参考
 * @description black husk
 * @description http://www.bhusk.com
 */
public class MyJob extends QuartzJobBean {

    private static Logger logger = LoggerFactory.getLogger(DatabaseBackupJob.class);

    @Override
    protected void executeInternal(JobExecutionContext jobExecutionContext) throws JobExecutionException {

        System.out.println("执行时间:"+new Date());
    }
}

application.xml 可以理解为quartz配置文件 注释很齐全

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<beans xmlns="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans"
       xmlns:context="http://www.springframework.org/schema/context" xmlns:p="http://www.springframework.org/schema/p"
       xmlns:aop="http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop" xmlns:tx="http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx"
       xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance"
       xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans http://www.springframework.org/schema/beans/spring-beans-4.0.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/context http://www.springframework.org/schema/context/spring-context-4.0.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop http://www.springframework.org/schema/aop/spring-aop-3.0.xsd http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx http://www.springframework.org/schema/tx/spring-tx-3.0.xsd
	http://www.springframework.org/schema/util http://www.springframework.org/schema/util/spring-util-4.0.xsd">

    <!-- 定义任务bean -->
    <bean name="myJobDetail" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.JobDetailFactoryBean">
        <!-- 指定具体的job类 -->
        <property name="jobClass" value="com.bhusk.quartz.Job.MyJob"/>
        <!-- 指定job的名称 -->
        <property name="name" value="myJob"/>
        <!-- 指定job的分组 -->
        <property name="group" value="jobs"/>
        <!-- 必须设置为true,如果为false,当没有活动的触发器与之关联时会在调度器中删除该任务  -->
        <property name="durability" value="true"/>
        <!-- 指定spring容器的key,如果不设定在job中的jobmap中是获取不到spring容器的 -->
        <property name="applicationContextJobDataKey" value="applicationContext"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 定义触发器 -->
    <bean id="cronTrigger" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean">
        <property name="jobDetail" ref="myJobDetail"/>
        <!--执行时间 -->
        <property name="cronExpression" value="0 0 3 * * ?"/>
    </bean>

    <!-- 定义触发器 -->
     <!--演示:一个job可以有多个trigger; -->
    <!--<bean id="cronTrigger2" class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.CronTriggerFactoryBean">-->
    <!--<property name="jobDetail" ref="myJobDetail2" />-->
    <!--每一分钟执行一次-->
    <!--    <property name="cronExpression" value="0 0 3 * * ?"/> -->
     <!--</bean>-->

    <!-- 定义调度器 -->
    <bean class="org.springframework.scheduling.quartz.SchedulerFactoryBean">
        <property name="triggers">
            <list>
                <ref bean="cronTrigger"/>
     <!--		  <ref bean="cronTrigger2"/> -->
            </list>
        </property>
    </bean>

</beans>


JavaMail发送邮件工具类
java 实现邮件的发送, 抄送及多附件
这个工具类来源网络,具体精准位置也不清楚了

import javax.activation.DataHandler;
import javax.activation.FileDataSource;
import javax.mail.BodyPart;
import javax.mail.Message;
import javax.mail.MessagingException;
import javax.mail.Multipart;
import javax.mail.Session;
import javax.mail.Transport;
import javax.mail.internet.InternetAddress;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeBodyPart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMessage;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeMultipart;
import javax.mail.internet.MimeUtility;
import java.io.UnsupportedEncodingException;
import java.util.Properties;

/**
 * 邮件管理器
 * java 实现邮件的发送, 抄送及多附件
 */
public class EmailManager {

    public static String username = "keshu@bhusk.com"; // 服务邮箱(from邮箱)
    public static String password = ""; // 邮箱密码
    public static String senderNick = "黑壳网的壳叔";   // 发件人昵称

    private Properties props; // 系统属性
    private Session session; // 邮件会话对象
    private MimeMessage mimeMsg; // MIME邮件对象
    private Multipart mp;   // Multipart对象,邮件内容,标题,附件等内容均添加到其中后再生成MimeMessage对象

    private static EmailManager instance = null;

    public EmailManager() {
        props = System.getProperties();
        props.put("mail.smtp.auth", "true");
        props.put("mail.transport.protocol", "smtp");
        props.put("mail.smtp.host", "smtp.163.com");
        props.put("mail.smtp.port", "25");
        props.put("username", username);
        props.put("password", password);
        // 建立会话
        session = Session.getDefaultInstance(props);
        session.setDebug(false);
    }

    public static EmailManager getInstance() {
        if (instance == null) {
            instance = new EmailManager();
        }
        return instance;
    }

    /**
     * 发送邮件
     *
     * @param from     发件人
     * @param to       收件人
     * @param copyto   抄送
     * @param subject  主题
     * @param content  内容
     * @param fileList 附件列表
     * @return
     */
    public boolean sendMail(String from, String[] to, String[] copyto, String subject, String content, String[] fileList) {
        boolean success = true;
        try {
            mimeMsg = new MimeMessage(session);
            mp = new MimeMultipart();

            // 自定义发件人昵称
            String nick = "";
            try {
                nick = javax.mail.internet.MimeUtility.encodeText(senderNick);
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            // 设置发件人
//          mimeMsg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
            mimeMsg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from, nick));
            // 设置收件人
            if (to != null && to.length > 0) {
                String toListStr = getMailList(to);
                mimeMsg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(toListStr));
            }
            // 设置抄送人
            if (copyto != null && copyto.length > 0) {
                String ccListStr = getMailList(copyto);
                mimeMsg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.CC, InternetAddress.parse(ccListStr));
            }
            // 设置主题
            mimeMsg.setSubject(subject);
            // 设置正文
            BodyPart bp = new MimeBodyPart();
            bp.setContent(content, "text/html;charset=utf-8");
            mp.addBodyPart(bp);
            // 设置附件
            if (fileList != null && fileList.length > 0) {
                for (int i = 0; i < fileList.length; i++) {
                    bp = new MimeBodyPart();
                    FileDataSource fds = new FileDataSource(fileList[i]);
                    bp.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds));
                    bp.setFileName(MimeUtility.encodeText(fds.getName(), "UTF-8", "B"));
                    mp.addBodyPart(bp);
                }
            }
            mimeMsg.setContent(mp);
            mimeMsg.saveChanges();
            // 发送邮件
            if (props.get("mail.smtp.auth").equals("true")) {
                Transport transport = session.getTransport("smtp");
                transport.connect((String) props.get("mail.smtp.host"), (String) props.get("username"), (String) props.get("password"));
//              transport.sendMessage(mimeMsg, mimeMsg.getRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO));
//              transport.sendMessage(mimeMsg, mimeMsg.getRecipients(Message.RecipientType.CC));
                transport.sendMessage(mimeMsg, mimeMsg.getAllRecipients());
                transport.close();
            } else {
                Transport.send(mimeMsg);
            }
            System.out.println("邮件发送成功");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            success = false;
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            success = false;
        }
        return success;
    }

    /**
     * 发送邮件
     *
     * @param from     发件人
     * @param to       收件人, 多个Email以英文逗号分隔
     * @param cc       抄送, 多个Email以英文逗号分隔
     * @param subject  主题
     * @param content  内容
     * @param fileList 附件列表
     * @return
     */
    public boolean sendMail(String from, String to, String cc, String subject, String content, String[] fileList) {
        boolean success = true;
        try {
            mimeMsg = new MimeMessage(session);
            mp = new MimeMultipart();

            // 自定义发件人昵称
            String nick = "";
            try {
                nick = javax.mail.internet.MimeUtility.encodeText(senderNick);
            } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
                e.printStackTrace();
            }
            // 设置发件人
//          mimeMsg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from));
            mimeMsg.setFrom(new InternetAddress(from, nick));
            // 设置收件人
            if (to != null && to.length() > 0) {
                mimeMsg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.TO, InternetAddress.parse(to));
            }
            // 设置抄送人
            if (cc != null && cc.length() > 0) {
                mimeMsg.setRecipients(Message.RecipientType.CC, InternetAddress.parse(cc));
            }
            // 设置主题
            mimeMsg.setSubject(subject);
            // 设置正文
            BodyPart bp = new MimeBodyPart();
            bp.setContent(content, "text/html;charset=utf-8");
            mp.addBodyPart(bp);
            // 设置附件
            if (fileList != null && fileList.length > 0) {
                for (int i = 0; i < fileList.length; i++) {
                    bp = new MimeBodyPart();
                    FileDataSource fds = new FileDataSource(fileList[i]);
                    bp.setDataHandler(new DataHandler(fds));
                    bp.setFileName(MimeUtility.encodeText(fds.getName(), "UTF-8", "B"));
                    mp.addBodyPart(bp);
                }
            }
            mimeMsg.setContent(mp);
            mimeMsg.saveChanges();
            // 发送邮件
            if (props.get("mail.smtp.auth").equals("true")) {
                Transport transport = session.getTransport("smtp");
                transport.connect((String) props.get("mail.smtp.host"), (String) props.get("username"), (String) props.get("password"));
                transport.sendMessage(mimeMsg, mimeMsg.getAllRecipients());
                transport.close();
            } else {
                Transport.send(mimeMsg);
            }
            System.out.println("邮件发送成功");
        } catch (MessagingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            success = false;
        } catch (UnsupportedEncodingException e) {
            e.printStackTrace();
            success = false;
        }
        return success;
    }

    public String getMailList(String[] mailArray) {
        StringBuffer toList = new StringBuffer();
        int length = mailArray.length;
        if (mailArray != null && length < 2) {
            toList.append(mailArray[0]);
        } else {
            for (int i = 0; i < length; i++) {
                toList.append(mailArray[i]);
                if (i != (length - 1)) {
                    toList.append(",");
                }

            }
        }
        return toList.toString();
    }

    public static void main(String[] args) {
        String from = username;
        String[] to = {"keshu@bhusk.com", "1520812121@qq.com"};
        String[] copyto = {"lu12121@qq.com"};
        String subject = "黑壳网数据库备份";
        String content = "没有数据就没有一切,数据库备份就是一种防范灾难于未然的强力手段,没有了数据,应用再花哨也是镜中花水中月。";
        String[] fileList = new String[2];
        fileList[0] = "~/solo_h2/db.mv.db";
        fileList[1] = "~/solo_h2/db.trace.db";

        EmailManager.getInstance().sendMail(from, to, copyto, subject, content, fileList);
    }
}

参考项目GitHub

参考项目 GitHub:https://github.com/ykz200/Quartz_DatabaseBackup

 
 
 
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